Complementory Medicine


Ayurveda is the oldest system of health- care, which traces its roots to the Vedas. It is considered as one of the best alternative system of medicine. The word Ayurveda is derived from the Sanskrit word 'Ayuh' meaning life and 'Veda' meaning 'Knowledge'. Hence Ayurveda is called 'The science of life'.

has originated from the Vedas and is said to be an Upaveda (sub-Veda) of the Rig Veda. Ayurveda may also be traced to the Atharvana Veda.

Vedas are the knowledge of universal consciousness, which comprises of-

  1. Anadi (No Start)
  2. Sanaathana (Always Existing)
  3.  Ananta (Endless)

Vedas are the embodiment of the universal truth and the ultimate knowledge, which always exist in the universe. This makes Ayurveda is eternal and endless. The written documents of Ayurveda exist since 6000 -5000 BC. The famous sage Veda Vyasa was the first to put the complete knowledge of Ayurveda into writing.

Greater Triad

1. Charaka samhita

2. Susruta samhita

3. Astanga Sangraha

The three treatises of Charaka, Sushruta and Vagbhatta , called "Greater triad" are very important texts in Ayurveda.

Charaka samhita

Charaka was a physician who was always traveling. He was a disciple of Agnivesha who wrote the Atreya Samhita. Charaka rewrote the Agnivesha samhita (in about 1000 BC). Around 400 AD, Drdabala worked upon charaka samhita and re-formed it. This re-formed version of Drdabala is available to us as the "Charaka samhita".

Many chapters in Charaka samhita are in the form of symposiums; where in groups of sages take in certain topics for discussion. The text, which is written in Sanskrit, is in the form of prose and verses. It contains 8,400 metrical sentences. The focus is on "Kaya chikitsa" the internal medicine, which aims to balance the "Agni",or the digestive fire, responsible for metabolism.

Susruta samhita

The word "Susruta" means "one who listens very well". Susruta was a surgeon. He was the disciple of Divodasa Dhanvantari of the Dhanvantari lineage. The text belongs to around 6th century BC. Due to his contribution to surgery he is termed as "Father of surgery."

Later, around the 2nd century BC, the text was re-edited by Nagarjuna. The text explains various surgical procedures and includes techniques to repair torn ear lobe, cleft palate and disfigured nose, uniting the torn intestines, removal of prostrate gland, removal of cataract, draining of abscesses and also some surgical procedures in the brain. He has explained about the dissection of cadavers and the method to preserve them besides describing 101 kinds of blunt instruments (yanra) and 20 kinds of sharp instruments (shastra).

Ashtanga Sangraha

Around 5th century AD, Vagbhatta compiled a treatise named Ashtanga sangraha. It combines both the above treatises, explaining all the 8 parts of Ayurveda including, Kaya chikitsa (internal medicine) and Shalya tantra (surgery).

Ashtanga sangraha excels in explaining the basic concepts of Ayurveda. It explains all the basics of Ayurveda, such as the
  1. Theory of 5 elements (panchamahabuta tatva)
  2. Theory of 3 functional principles (tridosha siddhanta)
  3. Theory of 7 structural principles (sapta dhatu tatva)
  4. Theory of 6 tastes (shad rasa siddhanta)
Seeing that the text Ashtanga sangraha is very elaborate the same author Vagbhatta has also written a text called 'Ashtanga hrdayam'. Ashtanga hrdayam is more concise; it covers all the 8 parts of Ayurveda.

Ashtanga sangraha is written in both prose and in the poetry form while Ashtanga hrdayam is completely written in poetry form, which is easy to memorize.
Lesser triad

The lesser triad comprises of the following books-

1. Sharngadhara samhita

2. Bhavaprakasha

3. Madhava Nidana

Sharngadhara samhita

This treatise was written in 15th century AD by Sharngadhara. It is divided into three parts and is well known for its detailed explanations of pharmacological procedures. It clearly tells about the quantities and ratio of herbs to be added while preparing medicines. The book has also elaborated on pulse diagnosis.


This book was written in the 16th century by Bhava Prakasha and is a compact representation of the earlier classical texts. It has a large section called 'Nigandu' which is devoted to the elucidation of the qualities and indications of the different medicinal plants, foods, herbs and minerals. It quotes many verses directly from earlier writers.

Madhava Nidana

Madhava Nidana was written by Madhavakara around 700 AD. It is very popular for its detailed explanation of several diseases. It also quotes most of the verses directly from the previous classics. It explains a wide range of diseases from fever to many adult diseases, besides the illnesses that affect children, women and the aged. Diseases caused by various poisons and diseases of the eyes, mouth, ears and nose have also been explained. For each disease the book explains -
  • Causes
  • Pathogenesis
  • Premonitory symptoms
  • Symptoms
  • Complications
  •  Prognosis
Ayurveda has 8 branches in it. They are-

1. Kaaya Chikitsa (Internal Medicine),

2. Baala Chikitsa (Treatment of Children / Pediatrics),

3. Graha Chikitsa (Demonology / Psychology),

4. Urdhvaanga Chikitsa (Treatment of disease above the clavicle),

5. Shalya Chikitsa (Surgery),

6. Damstra Chikitsa (Toxicology),

7. Jara Chikitsa (Geriatrics, Rejuvenation),

8. Vrsha Chikitsa (Aphrodisiac therapy).



The word 'Kaya' represents 'Agni' - the digestive fire in the body. It is responsible for the metabolism in the body. The imbalance to this 'Agni' is the cause for many diseases. Kaya chikitsa deals with the treatment of general ailments, such as fever, diarrhea and cough, by treating Agni.


Baala chikitsa:

This deals in treating children. This is also called kumara Brtya. There are three aspects that must be remembered while treating children-

  • Children cannot explain their complaints
  • The dosage of medicine is different for them
  • The medicines given to them must be palatable to them.

Due to these conditions, treating children is done in a different manner. Hence a separate branch is devoted for them.

Graha chikitsa

This branch of Ayurveda deals with diseases like insanity, epilepsy and diseases caused by affliction of external factors such as evil sprits and ghosts. In other words it may be known as the branch that deals with the treatment of psychosomatic diseases.

Urdhvanga chikitsa

This branch of Ayurveda deals with the treatment of diseases of the organs above the clavicle. It includes the treatment of eyes, ears, nose, throat, mouth, teeth and head.


Shalya chikitsa

It deals with treatment of diseases caused by foreign bodies and diseases that need surgical therapies. It is carried out only for diseases, which cannot be cured by medicines.

Visha chikitsa

This form of treatment deals with the treatment of poisoning from animals, such as snakes, insects, spiders, scorpions and also of plants, metals and minerals.

Rasayana chikitsa

It deals in rejuvenation and restoring the youthfulness of an individual and deals with various therapies and herbs that have to be taken to restore the youth & vitality.

Vajikarana chikitsa

This branch of Ayurveda deals with treatment that helps to get good progeny. It provides various medicines and therapies to improve the virility and the sexual prowess of a person to help him to get a good progeny.




It is the stable system of medicine in the world. Homeopathy is the branch of Medicine based on Nature's Law called 'Law of Similars'. (Similia similibus curentur - a Latin maxim which means 'Let likes be treated by likes.'), Hippocrates - the father of medicine, knew this law. According to the 'Law of Similars', a drug (or medicine) that produce a set of symptoms in a healthy person will cure a diseased person suffering from similar symptoms. For example, onion, eaten raw or when peeled produces watering from the nose and eyes with burning, (symptoms similar to common cold). Hence onion (Allium cepa) is one of the most effective homoeopathic medicines that cures common colds.


Advantages of Homeopathy


  • Treats the root cause of the disease.
  • No known side effects due to the minute quantity brought about by high dilution of medicines.
  • Enhances the disease fighting ability of our system.
  •  Helps to avoid surgery in some situations.
  • Helps to support surgical intervention pre & post operatively.
  • Can treat the patients before the laboratory confirmation of disease.


Limitations of Homeopathy


Mode of action of medicine unknown because it is based on biophysics which is not as well studied as biochemistry. The medicines can't be tested in any laboratory due to its infinitesimal quantity. Since every case is different the prescription cannot be generalized.

  1. Any one who feels unwell.
  2. No restriction for any age group.
  3. Does not warrant any change in life style or belief.
  4. Anybody can approach a homoeopath for common cold to cancer.
  5. The desired result depends on the curability of the disease, limitations of the doctor and the system.


The quality of life can be improved for those who are suffering for a long period with chronic conditions like asthma, joint pain, eczema, cancer, hormonal disorders, infertility and various other conditions.


There is always a possibility for patients to avoid surgery in some conditions like Tonsils, Fibroids, Calculus disease, Ovarian cyst, Sinusitis etc.


Pimples, disorders of hair and various skin ailments can also be treated effectively.


Sources of Homeopathic Medicines


Homeopathic medicines are prepared from three major sources namely Mineral Kingdom, Vegetable Kingdom and Animal Kingdom. Most of the elements and compounds like metals, salts, alkalis and acids from Mineral Kingdom; various herbs and plants, either whole or their specific parts like flowers, leaves, roots etc. from Vegetable Kingdom; various insects, animal products, venom of snakes etc. from Animal Kingdom are the sources of Homeopathic medicines.


There are three other classes of Homeopathic medicines - Nosodes, Sarcodes and Impondarablia. Nosodes are the medicines prepared from disease producing organisms like bacteria, viruses, etc., and from disease products like Tuberculosis Lungs, Cancerous Tissues etc. Sarcodes are the medicines prepared from healthy organs or tissues of organisms like Thyroid, Pituitary, Pancreas etc. Impondarablia comprises of the medicines derived from energy sources like x-ray, Solar Rays, Electricity etc. Now a new classes of medicines called tautopathic medicines are available, to remove the bad effects of other medications. Here the same medicine is used as base but prepared in Homoeopathic method by potentising / dilution to the level of 10-60 to 10-400.


 Reason for prescribing single medicine in a given time

In homoeopathic practice, usually single medicine is prescribed at a time, the reason being that the drugs are proved individually and the comparison is possible between the individual drug picture and the individual disease picture.




Acupuncture is based on the theory of yin and yang, which are not absolute but relative. Yin and yang are the opposites that make the whole. Yin is conceptualized as being cold, dark and female. Yang is warm, light and male. Neither of them can exist in isolation. These two opposites are not stationary, but in constant motion. The interaction of yin and yang produces "Qi", the bipolar energy. Life is possible only because of the interplay between these forces. The body, mind and emotions are all subject to the influences of yin and yang.


Each organ has an element of yin and yang within it. The histological structures and nutrients are yin, and the functional activities are yang. Some organs are predominantly yang in their functions, such as the liver, while others are predominantly yin, such as the kidney. Even though one organ may be predominantly yin (or yang) in nature, the balance of yin and yang is maintained in the whole healthy body because the sum total of the yin and yang will be in a balance.

Historically, acupuncture points were believed to be the holes that allow entry into channels. These holes provide us gateways to influence, redirect, increase, or decrease body's vital substance, Qi, thus correcting many of the imbalances.


he efficacy of acupuncture, especially for relieving pain, has been proved beyond doubt and is no longer a question today. According to the Gate Control Theory , pain signals pass through a number of high-traffic 'gates' in the spinal chord, as they move from the area of injury upward into the brain. Like a road or highway, these nerves can handle only a limited number of nerve signals at a particular time. Under normal circumstances, this gate is wide open and pain impulses get through very easily. But when acupuncture needling is carried out, another stream of non- painful impulse flow towards the spinal chord. This causes overcrowding at the gates, resulting in jamming. This competitive inhibition of pain impulses leads to an analgesic effect and no pain is felt at the level of brain.

Chemical or humoral mechanisms are also involved in relieving pain. These substances, called endorphins, are present in the brain, spinal chord and the intestines. The pituitary responds to acupuncture by releasing this painkiller, into the blood and cerebro-spinal fluid. This indirectly decreases the pain by reducing the firing rate of the pain impulses by the nerves at a distance. This phenomenon is described as pre-synaptic inhibition .


The electrical theory of acupuncture states that acupuncture works by influencing the electromagnetic field in the body. This electrical field influences the growth, maturation, and functioning of some types of cells. The body also continually generates tiny, but detectable electrical discharges. Studies have shown that there is a correlation between the electromagnetic fields in the body and the channels or meridians. Acupuncture points, which lie along the meridians, when stimulated, alter the amount of neurotransmitters, leading to an altered sensation of pain.


The important effects produced by acupuncture are analgesic, sedative, homeostatic or regulatory (an effect important for the body to adjust itself to the external environment), immune- enhancing, tranquilizing __apart from mere sedation, and motor recovery in paralytic patients.

Apart from controlling pain, acupuncture can treat a wide variety of common and uncommon disorders. It has been shown to improve the circulation of blood, decrease high blood pressure, stabilize the rhythm and stroke volume of the heart, control the secretion of the gastric acid, increase the production of red and white cells. It also stimulates the release of a variety of hormones that help body to respond to injury and stress.


The following is a list of disorders that can be treated by acupuncture (World Health Organization data):

Respiratory:Acute Sinusitis, Acute rhinitis, Common cold, Acute tonsillitis, Acute bronchitis, Bronchial asthma.

Eye: Acute conjunctivitis, short sightedness (in children), Cataract (without complications).


Mouth: Toothache, post extraction pain, Gingivitis (gum disease), Acute and chronic pharyngitis.


Gastrointestinal Disorders: Hiccups, Gastritis, Gastric Hyperacidity, Ulcers, Colitis, Constipation, Diarrhea, and Paralytic ileus.

Neurological and Musculoskeletal Disorders: Headache and migraine, Trigeminal neuralgia, Paralysis following stroke, Meniere's disease, Neurogenic bladder dysfunction, Nocturnal enuresis (bed wetting), Intercostal neuralgia (pain in the ribs), Cervicobrachial syndrome (pain radiating from neck to arm), "Frozen shoulder" or "tennis elbow", Sciatica, Low back pain and Osteoarthritis.


In the United States, acupuncture is used frequently for the treatment of chronic pain conditions such as arthritis, bursitis, headache, athletic injuries, and post traumatic and post surgical pain. It is also used for treating chronic pain associated with immune function dysfunction, such as psoriasis (skin disorders), allergies, and asthma.

Acupuncture is also found to be effective for the treatment of mind-body disorders such as anxiety, chronic fatigue, irritable bowel syndrome, hypertension, insomnia, menopausal symptoms, and depression.

Acupuncture has become popular throughout the world in the past few decades. It is now recognized as a simple, safe, effective and economical form of therapy, besides being free from side effects. It has not only been used as an anaesthetic agent, but also in many diseases that are resistant to conventional forms of therapy.

Some modern application of acupuncture is in the treatment of disorders such as alcoholism, addiction, smoking, and eating disorders.

Herbal Medicine


Amnesia refers to partial or complete loss of memory. Different types and degrees of amnesia occur in old age and in some mental disorders. Recent memory is far less efficient in the elderly, although long-term memory still functions well.



The most common form of this disease is verbal amnesia. In this condition, the patient forgets words and names. A very uncommon form of amnesia is temporary loss of memory, in which a person even forgets his own identity, including his name, age, family background and any recollection of the past. In case of poor memory caused by brain weakness, the patient may suffer from mild headache, intolerance to noise and inability to concentrate.




The main cause of amnesia is the impairment of brain cells caused by diseases directly affecting them or, indirectly through a poor blood supply due to circulatory diseases. Poor memory also results from dullness of intellect and weakness of brain. Many cases are, however, largely psychological in origin, caused by anxiety, neurosis, resulting from lack of attention in persons obsessed with their own problems.


Almonds (Badam): Almonds (Badam): Almonds are very valuable for restoring a poor memory caused by brain weakness. They contain unique properties to remove brain debility and to strengthen the brain. Ten to twelve almonds should be immersed in water overnight and their outer skin removed. They should then be made into a fine paste and taken, mixed with one teaspoon of butter or even alone. Inhaling ten to fifteen drops of almond oil through the nose, morning and evening, is also beneficial in the treatment of brain weakness.


Walnuts (Akhrot) : Walnut is another unique dry fruit, valuable in countering brain weakness. The efficacy of about twenty grams of walnuts gets enhanced, if they are taken with figs or raisins in a proportion of ten gram each, everyday.


Apples (Seb): Apples are useful in amnesia. The various chemical substances contained in this fruit such as vitamin B1, Phosphorus, and Potassium help in the synthesis of glutamic acid. This acid controls the wear and tear of nerve cells. Eating an apple a day with one tea-spoon of honey and one cup of milk, is beneficial in the treatment of loss of memory and mental irritability. It acts as an effective nerve tonic and recharges the nerves with new energy and life.

Other Fruits

All fruits which are rich in phosphorus are valuable mitigators of amnesia, as they invigorate the brain cells and tissues. Other than those mentioned earlier, figs, grapes, oranges and dates may be eaten to enhance memory.

Herbal remedies for amnesia


Cumin seeds (jeera):  Cumin seeds (jeera):  The use of cumin seeds is a valuable remedy for amnesia or dullness of memory. Three grams of black cumin seeds should be mixed with two teaspoons of pure honey and taken once a day, preferably, in the morning.


Black Pepper (Kali mirch): Five seeds of finely ground black pepper, mixed with one teaspoon of honey, are also beneficial in the treatment of this condition. This preparation should be taken both in morning and evening.


Rosemary (rusmary):  The most remarkable remedy for loss of memory or forgetfulness is the use of the herb rosemary, botanically known as Romarinus officinalis. It has long been regarded as a herb for remembrance. In ancient times, the Greeks and the Romans prepared fragrant distilled water from the flowers of this plant and inhaled the odor so that ‘the evils were destroyed from the mind and the memory no longer played tricks.’ Rosemary is considered to be an antidote for mental fatigue and forgetfulness. A tea made from this herb, taken once or twice a day, is a refreshing drink and an effective natural remedy for enhancing mental agility.


Sage (sefakuss): The herb sage has also been found beneficial in the treatment of a week memory or loss of memory. It acts on the cortex of the brain, mitigates mental exhaustion and strengthens the ability to concentrate. A tea prepared from dried sage leaves can be used regularly for this purpose.


Brahmi Booti: Another herb useful in amnesia is brahmi booti, botanically known as Bacopa scrophulariaceae. About seven grams of this herb should be dried in the shade and ground in water, along with seven kernels of almonds and half a gram of pepper. This mixture should be strained and sweetened with honey or jaggery. It should be drunk every morning for a fortnight on an empty stomach.


Dietary Consideration
Diet is of utmost importance in the treatment of amnesia. It should be so arranged as to provide all essential nutrients, as even a single nutritional deficiency can cause anxiety neurosis in susceptible people. Persons suffering from amnesia should avoid tea, coffee, alcohol, flesh foods, white flour, sugar, and all products made from white flour and sugar.


Persons suffering from amnesia should have sufficient rest and sleep under proper conditions. They must also learn the art of scientific relaxation and meditation.



 Asthma is an ancient Greek word meaning "panting or shortdrawn breath". It is in allergic reaction due to one or more allergens. It is the most troublesome of respiratory diseases. The asthma patient gets frequent attacks of breathlessness, in between which, he is completely normal.




Patients suffering from this disease appear to be gasping for breath. Actually, they have more difficulty in breathing out than breathing in. This condition is caused by spasms of the smaller air passage of the lung. The lungs get filled with air because the patient cannot drive the air properly out of the lungs. All asthmatics have more difficulty at night, especially during sleep.



Asthma is caused by a variety of factors. It is an allergic condition, resulting from the reaction of the system to the weather, food, drugs, perfumes and other irritants. Foods which generally cause allergic reactions are wheat, eggs, milk, chocolates, beans, potatoes, pork and beef. Quite often, however, it is precipitated by a combination of allergic and non-allergic factors, including emotional tension, air pollution, and hereditary factors.




Honey (shahad) : Honey is one of the most effective home remedies for asthma. It is said that if a jug of honey is held under the nose of the asthmatic patient and he inhales the air that comes into contact with honey, he starts breathing easier and deeper. The effect lasts for about an hour or so. Honey usually brings relief, whether the air flowing over it is inhaled or whether it is eaten or taken either in milk or water. It thins out accumulated mucus and helps its elimination from the respiratory passage.

Garlic (Lahsoon) : Garlic is another effective home remedy for asthma. Ten cloves of garlic should be boiled in 30 ml of milk. This makes an excellent medicine for the early stages of asthma. The patient should take this mixture once daily. Steaming ginger tea with minced garlic pods in it, can also help to keep the problem under control and should be taken both, in the morning and evening.


Turmeric (Haldi): Turmeric is valuable in asthma. The patient should be given a teaspoon of turmeric powder with a glass of milk, two or three times daily. It acts best when taken on an empty stomach.


Bitter Gourd (Karela) Root: The roots of the bitter gourd plant have been used in folk medicine since ancient times. A teaspoon of the root paste, mixed with an equal amount of honey or juice of the holy basil, is an excellent expectorant, and is a remedy for asthma. It should be taken once every night for a month.


Figs (Anjeer) dry: Dry figs help clear mucus from bronchial tubes and are therefore a valuable food remedy for asthma. Phlegmatic cases of cough and asthma can be treated with success. It gives comfort to the patient by draining off the phlegm. Three or four dry figs should be cleaned thoroughly with warm water and soaked overnight. They should be taken during morning time in an empty stomach, along with the water in which they are soaked. This treatment may be continued for about two months.


Indian Gooseberry (Amla) : This fruit has proved valuable in asthma. Five grams of gooseberry mixed with one tablespoon of honey, forms an effective medicinal expectorant and tonic for the treatment of this disease. It should be taken every morning. When fresh fruit is not available, dry gooseberry powder can be used, mixed with honey.


Linseed (Alsi): A decoction made from linseed is considered useful in curing congestion in asthma and to prevent recurrence of attacks. Simultaneously; linseed poultice should be applied externally at the lung bases for reducing internal congestion.


Mustard (Rye) Oil: During the attack, mustard oil mixed with little camphor should be massaged over the chest. This will loosen up phlegm and ease breathing. The patient should also inhale steam from boiling water mixed with caraway seeds (siya jeera). It will dilate the bronchial passage.


Dietary Consideration:The patient should avoid the common dietic errors. Ideally, it should contain a limited quantity of carbohydrates, fats and proteins which are acid-forming foods, and a liberal quantity of alkaline foods consisting of fresh fruits, green vegetables and germinated gram. Foods which tend to produce phlegm such as rice, sugar, lentils and curds as well as fried and other difficult-to-digest foods should be avoided. Asthmatics should always eat less than their capacity.

Other Measures:The patient should take enema in the beginning of the treatment to clean and colon and prevent autointoxication. Other helpful measures include application of mud-pack to the abdomen, wet chest packs and steam bath. Fresh air, breathing exercises, dry climate, mild physical exercises and correct posture help in treating the ailment.


  Sida Cordifolia well known in India as Bala, is a weed that grows wild in wastelands and along roadsides. They are found throughout the tropical and sub-tropical plains all over India and Srilanka. The herb is an annual and grows up to 30cms. The plant though seasonal, is available throughout the year, and is especially luxuriant during the months of October to December. It belongs to the cotton family Malvaceae.

The leaves are heart shaped, one at each node. The flowers are produced at the growing regions and are yellow in color. The plant can be easily recognized with the above characteristics, and the entire plant is used in making medicine.


Rajanighantu describes this herb as extremely bitter (atitikta), yet madhura, and it is beneficial in deranged pitta. It cures diarrhea and is invigorating and nutritive. It is also efficacious in diseases caused by deranged kapha. The rejuvenating action of this herb extends to the nervous, circulatory, and urinary systems. It has a diuretic effect and is useful in urinary problems, including cystitis. Being cooling and astringent, it is used in inflammations and bleeding disorders also.

Leaves are cooked and eaten in cases of bleeding piles. Juice of the whole plant, pounded with a little water is given in doses of ¼ seer for spermatorrohea, rheumatism, and gonorrhoea. Made into paste with juice of palmyra tree, it is applied locally, in elephantiasis.


The herb has rasayana (rejuvenating) properties and assists in convalescence and debility. It is very effective as medicated oil. The popular Mahanarayana taila, Balati taila, Prabhanjana Vimardhana, Ksheera-bala taila contain this herb. The oils are used topically to massage the sore muscles, sore joints in arthritis and rheumatism, in sciatica and neuritis of legs. Another oil called Dhanvantari tailam (21 and 101 times boiled) which contains Bala along with 47 other substances, and is prepared in milk and given for all disorders produced by the derangement of ‘Vata’, such as emaciation, weakness, diseases of reproductive organs.


The leaves can be used as an infusion in treating fevers and delirium. The root of this plant is astringent, diuretic, and tonic, and its infusion is useful in cystitis, strangury, haematuria, bleeding piles, chronic dysentery, leucorrhoea, and gonorrhea.


The seeds contain much larger quantities of alkaloids than the leaves and roots and are used as an aphrodisiac. They are also useful in treating colic, tenesmus and gonorrhea.


There are many species of Sida that go by the name Bala chatushtya, used in ayurveda for treating the disorders of the nervous system. Bala is one among them, while others are: Sida cordata (Sida veronicifolia) is a roadside weed. It is a diffused, much branched hairy herb, with a short main stem. It can be easily distinguished mainly by its cordate/roundish leaves, with long petioles attached to slender trailing branches. The roots are sweet, sour, and astringent, and are useful in fever and arthritis. The plant is called Nagabala or Bhumibala in Sanskrit.


Sida rhombifollia (Sida orientalis) is also a weed found in wastelands. The herb is erect, woody and easily recognized by its rhomboid lanceolate leaves. The plant is called Mahabala in Sanskrit. The stems are rich in mucilage and are employed internally as an emollient, diuretic, and as a febrifuge with pepper. The roots are bitter, cooling, and anthelmintic.


 Sida Acuta (Sida carpinifolia) is a shrubby herb with many branches that have stellate hairs. Its lanceolate leaves have a round base and are sharply serrate glabrous on both sides, making it easy to identify it. It is valued as a reliever of stomachache, and is a useful remedy in chronic bowel complaints. The plant is called rajbala or brihannagabala.


Sida indica(Abutilon indicum) is also a large herb of wastelands. Leaves are cordate, ovate, toothed, while the fruit is disc-like. The plant is useful for piles and contains asparagin and ash, containing alkaline sulphate, chlorides, magnesium phosphate and calcium carbonate. It is called Atibala in Sanskrit. The roots of all these species are regarded as cooling, astringent, tonic, bitter, febrifuge, demulcent and diuretic.


Decoction of the root of bala and ginger is given in intermittent fever attended with cold shivering fits. Root juice is also used to promote healing of wounds. Powder of the root and bark together, is given with milk and sugar for frequent micturition. Oil prepared from the decoction of root bark mixed with milk and sesame oil, finds application in diseases of the nervous system, and is very efficacious in curing facial paralysis and sciatica. (Koman: Indian Materia Medica Gazette. Aug. 1921).


Yogaratnakaram a treatise on medicine, written by Yeturi Srinivasa charyulu, describes Bala as ‘divine medicine’. He gives two preparations in detail, using Bala for treating various ailments.


Baladhyam Gritham - Yakshmani

Bala swadhamstra brihati kalasi dhavani sthira
Nimbhaha parpatakam mustham trayamanam dhuralaba
Krithva kashayam peshyardham dhadya dhamalakim satim
Dhrksha pushkaramulastcha medha mamalakanicha
Gritham payascha tharsidham sarpi jawaraharam param
Kshaya kasa prasamanam sirah parswa rujapaham

(Yogaratnakaram – madhyama kandam-page 316-317)


Bala roots, fruits of Gokshura (Hygrophila spinosa) & Kantakari (Solanum xanthocarpum), root of Salaparani (Desmodium gangeticum), Nimbha bark (Margosa tree), Parpatakam (Oldenlandia corymbosa), Mushtha (Indian cyperus), Kalu kranuga, and Athma guptha (Mucuna pruriens), taken in equal quantities is boiled in water (four parts), and made into a decoction that is reduced to one fourth of its original quantity and filtered. To the filtrate, ¼th quantity of the paste of bhumyamalaki (Phyllanthus niruri), kachoram (Curcuma zedoaria), draksha (Vitis vinifera), pushkara root (Costus speciosus), amla (Emblica officinalis) and medha (Gymnema aurantiacum) is added. To this, milk is added (four parts) and boiled. This gritha is called Baladhyam gritham, and is given for the following diseases: fever, T.B, bronchitis, headache, and migraine. Chakrapani Datta recommended that this gritha can be consumed by adding two parts of milk to it.

Baladhyam Gritham- Urakshathe

Gritham bala nagabalrju nambusiddham sayasti madhukalka padam
Hridroga shula kshatha raktha pitta kasa nila samsama yathyu dhirnan

(Yogaratnakaram – madhyama kanda – page 346-347)


Root of Bala, Nagabala and bark of Achuka (Morinda citrifolia) is mixed in equal quantities, and four parts of water are added to make a decoction. To four parts of the decoction, one part of yastimadhu paste (Glycyrrhiza glabra) is added and boiled into gritham. This cures Heart diseases, colic, bronchitis and vata-pitta doshas.


Bala has been in use for over 2000 years in treating bronchial asthma, cold and cough, chills, aching joints and bones. The alkaloid ephedrine, which was so far observed in different varieties of Ephedra sp., has been identified in this plant which is responsible for treating asthma. The presence of this sympathomimetic substance also explains its use as a cardiac stimulant in the old Hindu medicine.


In the Konkan, the leaves with other cooling leaves are applied in opthalmia. The leaves, mixed with rice, are given to alleviate the bloody flux. The Thongas of Portugal and the East Africans, use this plant as a remedy to treat children’s ailments.


In Cambodia the roots are considered as diuretic and depurative; they are given in the treatment of gonorrhea and ringworm.



Dyspepsia is a word of Greek origin meaning indigestion or difficulty in digestion. Any gastrointestinal symptom associated with taking of food is called dyspepsia. It is one of the most common ailments today and results from dietetic errors.

Abdominal pain, a feeling of over-fullness after eating, heartburn, loss of appetite, nausea or vomiting and flatulence or gas are the usual symptoms of dyspepsia. Vomiting usually produces relief. What is vomited is intensely sour to the taste. Other symptoms are a foul taste in the mouth, coated tongue and bad breath. At times, a sensation of strangling in the throat is experienced. In most cases of indigestion, the patient suffers from constipation which adds tothe acidity of the system.


The main causes for dyspepsia are overeating, eating wrong food combinations, eating too rapidly and neglecting proper mastication and salivation of food, overeating makes the work of the stomach, liver, kidneys, and bowels harder. When the food putrefies, its poisons are absorbed into the blood and, consequently, the whole system is poisoned.


Certain foods, especially if they are not properly cooked, cause dyspepsia. Fried foods as well as rich and spicy foods often cause abdominal discomfort and gas or aggravate the existing condition. Other causes of dyspepsia are excessive smoking, intake of alcohol, constipation, insomnia, emotions such as jealousy, fear and anger and lack of exercise.



Lemon (bara nimbu) : The use of fruits in general is beneficial in the treatment of Dyspepsia. They flush out the undigested food residue and accumulated faeces, and re-establish health to perfect order. The best of the fruits is lemon. Its juice reaches the stomach and attacks the bacteria, inhibiting the formation of acids. Lemon juice removes indigestion by dislodging this acid and other harmful substances from the stomach, thereby strengthening and promoting a healthy appetite.


Grapes (angoor) : This fruit is light food which removes indigestion and irritation of the stomach in a short time. It also relieves heat.


Pineapple (ananas): Pineapple acts as a tonic and relieves much of the digestive disorders. Half a glass of pineapple juice should be taken after a meal in treating this condition.


Pomegranate (annar): The juice of a pomegranate mixed with a tablespoon of honey is valuable in indigestion accompanied by giddiness. The dose may be repeated a few times if necessary. The seeds of this fruit acts as a stomach tonic when mixed with a little rock salt and black pepper powder.

Carrot (gajar): Chewing of this vegetable increases saliva and quickens digestion by supplying the necessary enzymes, minerals and vitamins. The juice of this vegetable is also beneficial.


Fenugreek (methi): Fenugreek leaves are beneficial in dyspepsia. About fifty grams of leaves, boiled and fried in butter, are valuable in allaying biliousness. The seeds can also be used beneficially in the treatment of dyspepsia.


Mint (pudhina): Mint juice, is a good appetiser. Its value is greatly enhanced by mixing equal amount of honey and lemon juice each. This mixture forms a very effective remedy for indigestion and gaseous distension of the stomach.


Butter milk: A very simple remedy for indigestion is thin butter-milk mixed with a quarter teaspoon of pepper powder. For better results an equal quantity of cumin (jeera) powder may be added to the buttermilk.


Aniseed (saunf): The use of aniseed is also beneficial in the treatment of indigestion. An infusion can be prepared by mixing a teaspoon of aniseed in a cup of boiling water and leaving it covered overnight. The clear fluid can then be decanted and taken with honey.


Dietary Consideration


The best way to commence the treatment is to adopt an all fruit diet for about five days.
In case of severe dyspepsia, it will be advisable to fast on fresh fruit and vegetable juices for two or three days before adopting an all-fruit diet. The patient may there after gradually embark upon a well-balanced diet, consisting of seeds, nuts and whole grains, vegetables and fruits.


The sufferer from dyspepsia must always follow the rules regarding eating :
Never eat and drink together; never hurry through a meal; never eat to a full stomach; never sit down to a meal when worried, tired, excited, or in a bed temper; and do not eat if appetite is lacking.


Other useful methods in the treatment of dyspepsia are light exercises like walking, golf and swimming, a daily enema for few days in the beginning, application of wet girdle pack, a daily cold friction bath, alternate hot and cold hip baths at night, and massaging of the abdomen.


Liquorice, Glycyrrhiza glabra, is a purple and white flowering perennial, native of the Mediterranean region and central and southwest Asia. It is cultivated


widely for the sweet taproot that grows to a depth of four feet (1.2 m). Liquorice is a hardy plant that thrives in full sun or partial shade and prefers rich, moist soil. It may grow to a height of 3-7 ft (1-2 m).


The aerial parts of the plant are erect and branched, with round stems that become somewhat angular near the top. The leaves are alternate, odd, and pinnate, dividing into as many as eight pairs of oblong leaflets.


Liquorice blossoms in late summer. The sweet-pea like flowers grow in clusters and are small, bluish-purple in color and have long peduncles. They are papilionaceous, arranged in axillary and erect spikes. Fruit is a smooth, compressed, one-celled legume, bearing up to four kidney-shaped seeds.


The root is perennial, round, long and straight, tough and fibrous. It is grayish outside and yellowish within. It is sweet to taste. And its most desirable virtues lie inside of the cortical. In India, it is cultivated widely in Punjab and the sub-Himalayan tracts. Dried liquorice roots are available in all Indian bazaars.

Hippocrates named the herb glukos riza, or sweet root. Several species of this member of the Leguminosae, or pea family, are used medicinally. The British adopted the spelling liquorice from the Latin liquiritia and the German name has a similar meaning (süß ‘sweet’ and Holz ‘wood’). The same holds for the Sanskrit name yashti , meaning ‘stem, stalk; and madhu, meaning ‘sweet’. The Latin species name glaber meaning ‘hairless’ refers to the leaves, to distinguish from some related species having hairy leaves.


At all times, liquorice was used less as a spice than as a medicine. Its use against the diseases of the upper respiratory tract dates back to ancient Egypt. The main part of the plant used in medicine is the root. This root is a demulcent and gentle relaxant, soothing to mucous irritations, and valued chiefly for its sweet taste and in masking the sharpness / pungency / taste of other remedies.


Ayurveda recommends the root as beneficial in the treatment of coughs, colds, and other bronchial irritations. The root may be chewed as throat lozenges; or prepared as infusions by removing the outer bark and boiling for several minutes, to relieve hoarseness and coughs. During Charaka’s period, it was popular among singers as a lozenge.

Liquorice is used mainly as a spice in many countries. Frequently used spices termed “sweet” like anise, fennel and star anise cannot match the sweetness of liquorice. There are many components in liquorice, but the most active is glycyrrhizin. The root, especially the root bark, contains about 4% glycyrrhizin, potassium or calcium salt of glycyrrhizinic acid. Glycyrrhizin is about 50 times sweeter than cane sugar. Its action is similar to hormones produced in the adrenal cortex, especially desoxycorticosterone (DOCA). Glycyrrhizin is changed in the liver to glycyrrhetinic acid. Both these compounds promote the activation of interferon, a potent, naturally produced antiviral compound. Once interferon is activated, white blood cells are also called into play along with killer T.cells to help fight against cold viruses and herpes simplex.


Some antibacterial effects that are exhibited are due more to the flavonoids contained, than glycyrrhizin. Other components present are saponins, coumarins, sterols, choline, triterpenoids, lignins, amino acids including asparagine, gums, biotin, folic acid, inositol, lecithin, estrogenic substances, pantothenic acid, para-aminobenzoic acid, phosphorous, pentacyclic terpenes, protein, sugar, a yellow dye, and vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6 and E. Perhaps this is the reason for the broad range of effects liquorice has on the body. Liquorice contains only traces of essential oil; constituents identified include bicyclic monterpenoid ketones (fenchone, thujone) and coumarins (herniarin, umbelliferone).

There are two types of liquorice, “standard” liquorice and “de-glycyrrhizinated” liquorice (DGL). Each type is suitable for different conditions. When glycyrrhizin is removed from liquorice, the product is called deglycyrrhizinated liquorice or DGL. This product is especially useful in treating ulcers of the digestive tract because of the flavonoids, which are not harmed by the removal of glycyrrhizin. For respiratory infections, chronic fatigue syndrome or herpes (topical), the standard liquorice containing glycyrrhizin should be used. Liquorice root powder can be used in the amount of 5–6 grams per day. Concentrated extracts may be used in the amount of 250–500 mg three times a day. Alternatively, a tea can be made by boiling 1/2 ounce of root in 1 pint of water for fifteen minutes, drinking two to three cups of this per day.


Liquorice root, particularly deglycyrrhized liquorice, can be a useful adjunct to antibiotic treatment because it accelerates the healing of the stomach lining. Deglycyrrhized liquorice root (DGL) and glutamine have been used to get people off antacids, H2 blockers and Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPI).

In test tubes, the flavonoids have been known to kill Helicobacter pylori, the bacteria that cause most ulcers and inflammations of the stomach. Besides treating ulcers along the digestive tract, including the mouth, liquorice may be used for viral infections like a cold, inflammation as in arthritis, menstrual and menopause disorders, herpes, eczema and psoriasis, allergic disorders, asthma, chronic fatigue, depression due to hormonal imbalance, emphysema, and hypoglycemia.


Ayurveda recommends liquorice as an effective expectorant, helping to liquefy mucus and facilitate its discharge from the body. In large doses it is a good emetic for cleansing the lungs and stomach from excess Kapha. It is a mild laxative, which soothes and tones the mucous membranes. For colds and respiratory affliction, it can be combined with fresh ginger.


The expectorant effect of liquorice benefits people suffering from asthma or chest colds with tight coughs or difficult breathing. Liquorice tea is pleasant tasting and needs no added sugar. It can be made by simmering a few pieces of the root in a pint of water for 15-20 minutes. The root may be reused 2 or 3 times before new pieces are needed.

Powdered liquorice is also considered by Ayurvedic medicine as an excellent remedy for hyperacidity, and clinical tests prove that it is good for relieving pain, discomfort and other symptoms caused by acid matter in the stomach. It removes the irritating effects of acids in a better way than alkalis.

Furthermore, liquiritin, a flavonoid glycoside has been identified has the aglycon liquiritigenin and is spontaneously formed when the root is dried. This is responsible for the spasmolytic effects of liquorice.


Vatsayana, Kama Sutra recommends equal quantities of clarified butter, honey, sugar and liquorice be mixed with fennel-juice and milk to stimulate sexual vigor, and as a preservative of life.


Liquorice is also known for its anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects. This is due to the effect it has on the adrenal glands that are responsible for producing cortisol, the body’s own natural corticosteroid. Glycyrrhizin inhibits prostaglandin production, another component of the inflammatory process.

Glycyrrhizin also exhibits adapto-genic properties by stimulating cortisol production when there is not enough and promoting the breakdown of cortisol when there is too much. Because of this, liquorice is useful to take after stopping prescription of corticosteroids to boost the natural production of cortisol.


Another adaptogenic effect from liquorice involves estrogen. Liquorice shows mild estrogenic properties similar to other phytoestrogens. It has the ability to promote estrogen production and to interfere with the effects of too much estrogen, especially from external sources. The flavonoid constituents are thought to be responsible for the estrogen-like effects, while glycyrrhetinic acid antagonizes estrogen where there is over-stimulation of estrogen receptors in the body. All this makes liquorice useful in controlling the menstrual cycle and in relieving PMS and menopausal symptoms.


One of the drawbacks of liquorice is that it may cause peripheral edema (fluid retention) due to the retention of sodium with a loss of potassium, which disappears when liquorice is stopped. This can cause high blood pressure. But for people with Addison’s disease, however, this is exactly the type of effect needed. In Addison’s disease, the body collects sodium and promotes water loss leading to a serious imbalance of sodium, potassium, and other minerals and water.

Long-term (more than two to three weeks) intake of products containing more than 1 gram of glycyrrhizin, i.e., the amount contained in approximately 10 grams of root, daily is the usual amount required to cause these effects.


Consumption of 7 grams liquorice, which approximately contains 500 mg glycyrrhizin, per day for seven days, has been shown to decrease serum testosterone levels in healthy men by blocking enzymes needed to synthesize testosterone. As a result of these possible side effects, long-term intake of high levels of glycyrrhizin is discouraged, and should only be undertaken if prescribed by a qualified healthcare professional. Consumption of plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables to increase potassium intake is recommended to help decrease the chance of side effects.


Liquorice is contraindicated in pregnant women as well as in people with liver and kidney disorders. De-glycyrrhizinated liquorice extracts do not cause these side effects because there is no glycyrrhizin in them.




A knife cut. Blood. Dripping incessantly. Unflustered, the Indian housewife reaches for the closest and safest remedy at hand–Haldi.

Bodies responding to seasonal changes with the flu, coughs, and running noses, are immediately administered with honey mixed with turmeric, or turmeric mixed in milk by the homemaker, to soothe and to cure.

The Friday oil bath routines with the application of Haldi is almost sacrosanct with the South Indian women, resulting in beautiful skin, and hairless bodies! In fact, in South India, it is considered very auspicious and therefore, is the first item on the grocery list. The turmeric plant is tied around the vessel used to make Sweet pongal on the harvest festival, which is celebrated on the Makarshankranti Day, universally celebrated on 14th of January, every year.

In many North Indian traditional wedding ceremonies, haldi is applied to both, the groom and the bride, not only to make them look good with fresh glowing skins, but to ward off the evil eye. It is considered by the Hindus as a symbol of prosperity and as a cleansing herb for the whole body. Pieces of crushed roots mixed with seawater are sprinkled to remove the negative influences from places, persons, and things during ceremonies.


Indians therefore, are no strangers to the multiple uses of Turmeric (Curcuma longa). It is well recognized as the best anti-oxidant, hypoglycemic, colorant, antiseptic and wound healer. Used in cooking as a spice for over 2,500 years, turmeric has a bitter, musty flavor similar to mustard. It is this spice that gives Indian curries their characteristic bright yellow-orange color.


The healing properties of turmeric have made it a most sought after ingredient in cosmetics and drugs, as the leaf oil and extract can also be used as sunscreens and bio-pesticides.

In fact, Turmeric has been in the global limelight for the granting of the controversial patent on it!

Its modern approved applications in European medicine, stem from its traditional uses in Asia. Turmeric is used extensively in the Indian systems of medicine (Ayurveda, Unani, and Siddha). It is used as a carminative and stomachic in the treatment of digestive disorders such as flatulence, bloating, and appetite loss. Turmeric is used internally as boiled powder, fresh juice, and confection and externally as paste, oil, ointment, and lotion. It is also applied topically for ulcers, wounds, eczema, and inflammations. In both the Ayurvedic and Siddha systems of medicine, a turmeric paste is used topically to treat ulcers and scabies.

Turmeric, with its antibacterial action, prevents bacterial infections on wounds. Turmeric also has a long history of use for its anti-inflammatory and antiarthritic effects. As in India, it is used in China, Japan, and Korea for a range of indications including, Amenorrhea. Turmeric has been investigated for its cholagogous influence on the secretion of bile, pancreatic, and gastric juices. It is currently being evaluated for its anticarcinogenic and antimutagenic properties.


The roots are pounded and pressed to extract a juice that, when mixed with water, is helpful in earaches and to clear the sinuses through nasal application. The astringent qualities of turmeric are also useful in cases of consumption, tuberculosis, bronchitis, colds and asthma, the root being lightly cooked and eaten. At times, turmeric has been taken as a diuretic, and topically it can be helpful with pimples or to stop bleeding.

The active constituent of turmeric is curcumin, which has been shown to have a wide range of therapeutic effects. It protects against free radical damage, as it is a strong antioxidant




The stomach normally secretes acid that is essential in the digestive process. This acid helps in breaking down the food during digestion. When there is excess production of acid by the gastric glands of the stomach, it results in the condition known as acidity. Dyspepsia, heartburn and the formation of ulcers are some of the symptoms. It is more common in highly emotional and nervous individuals.


Common Causes of Acidity


  • Consumption of Alcohol
  • Highly spicy foodstuffs
  • Non-vegetarian diets
  • Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAID's)

Most acidity problems occur


  1. After meals
  2. When lifting weight or straining and applying pressure in the intra-abdominal area.
  3. At night when lying down.

Ulcers also occur as a result of over secretion of acid.


Home Remedies for Acidity

Tip 1:After all three meals, take a small piece of jaggery and keep it in your mouth and suck. Voilá no more acidity.

Tip 2: Boil one cup of water. To this add 1 tsp of Aniseed (Saunf). Cover and leave overnight. Strain the water in the morning, add 1 tsp of honey. When this is taken 3 times a day it prevents acidity.

Tip 3: To 1 ½ liters of water add 1 tsp Caraway seeds (shah jeera). Bring to a boil and simmer for 15 minutes. Sip while warm. Have the concoction 2-3 times a day for 5-6 days.

Tip 4: Powder one clove and one cardamom; use the powder as a mouth freshener after every meal. No more acidity and no more bad breath.




Acne is a skin condition in which red, inflamed pimples and non-inflamed pimples appear on the skin. Hormones cause the oil glands of the skin to enlarge and produce clogging of the gland and the hair follicle to which it is attached. These pimples usually appear on the face, but are sometimes also found on the chest and neck. In most cases, acne goes away without leaving any scars. 


Common Causes of Acne


Secretion of excessive amount of oil in the skin
Hormonal changes during puberty 
Accumulation of oily secretions on the skin surface
Blockage of the external pores in the skin
Menstrual periods
Contraceptive pills


Home Remedies for Acne


Tip 1:Fresh limejuice may be dabbed on pimples and black heads.

Tip 2:Mix 1 tsp fresh coriander powder with a pinch of turmeric powder. Apply on pimples and black heads. Keep overnight and wash off gently the next morning.

Tip 3:Make a paste of fresh, young curry leaves apply and keep on overnight wash with warm water in the morning. Helps wrinkles to fade away gradually.

Tip 4:Make a paste of nutmeg (Jaiphal) with raw milk. Apply on pimples and black heads leave on for 20 minutes or overnight. Continue for 10-12 days, till face is clear.

Tip 5:For dry skin rub a piece of sandalwood on a smooth stone with a few drops of raw milk. Apply the paste procured on affected areas. Keep on for 1 hour. Gently wash.

Tip 6:For oily skin make a paste of sandalwood and rosewater apply on affected areas, keep for 1 hour and wash off gently.

Tip 7:Fresh fenugreek leaves made into a paste and applied overnight clears pimples.



Alcoholism is the physical and mental addiction to alcohol. Prolonged use of alcohol will affect both physical and mental conditions, and there are also various social implications from associated behaviors. Physically it affects the digestive system, pancreas, nerves, and heart.


Common Causes of Alcoholism


  • Depression
  • Schizophrenia
  • Genetics 
  • Inheritance 
  • Established behaviour patterns
  • Environment
  • Damaged relationships


Home Remedies for Alcoholism


Tip 1:First and foremost the person should be willing to give up alcohol. Sadly, but very true that the only way to do it is, to make a clean break. 

Tip 2:Apples- eating as many Apples as possible at regular intervals, reduces the craving for alcohol. They also help to clear the toxins from the system. 

Tip 3:Grapes-This fruit contains a pure form of alcohol. A person wanting to give up this habit should have a meal of grapes every 4-5 hours, for a month at least.

Tip 4:The juice of Bitter gourd leaves is very good for clearing intoxication. 3 tspns of juice mixed in a glass of buttermilk is very good as it helps to heal the damaged liver also.


Common Causes of High Blood Pressure


  • Obesity
  • Lifestyle
  • Genetic factors
  • Excessive alcohol
  • Birth control pills
  • Pain relievers

Other underlying causes may include:

  • Kidney diseases
  • Adrenal diseases
  • Abnormal blood vessels
  • Eclampsia / Pre-eclampsia in pregnant women
  • Thyroid diseases


Home Remedies for High blood Pressure


Tip 1:Powder 100 gm melon seeds and 100 gm poppy seeds (khus-khus). Mix and store in a clean container. Consume 1 tsp with water morning and evening. 

Tip 2:A clove of garlic is highly recommended for high blood pressure. Chew one clove of garlic first thing every morning and wash it down with water. The garlic can also be coarsely pound and swallowed with water. 

Tip 3: Make a juice of 25-30 curry leaves with 1 cup of water. Strain and drink first thing in the morning. Limejuice can be added for taste. 

Tip 4:In the same manner coriander or fenugreek leaves can be tried they won't harm in any way and at the same time one can find out what is best suited to their system. 

Tip 5:Mix 1 tsp honey with 1 tsp ginger juice and 1 tsp cumin powder. Have twice a day.

Low blood pressure (hypotension) is the pressure of the blood in the arteries. It occurs when the pressure of the blood is abnormally low. Blood pressure is typically recorded as the systolic pressure (as the heart beats) over the diastolic pressure (time between two beats). A consistent blood pressure reading of 90/60 mm Hg or lower is considered low blood pressure. People with low BP may experience symptoms of dizziness or syncope (fainting) as the blood flow to the brain and other vital organs becomes insufficient.


Common Causes of Low Blood Pressure


  • Dehydration (due to sweating and/or diarrhea)
  • Medications (for high BP or other treatments)
  • Severe infection
  • Heart attack
  • Heart failure
  • Pregnancy
  • Fainting 


Home Remedies for Low Blood Pressure


Tip 1:Soak 32 small raisins in a ceramic bowl full of water over night. Chew them one by one first thing in the morning. Chew well and drink the water also.

Tip 2:Soak 7 almonds in water over night. Peel them and grind to a smooth paste. Add in a glass of milk and boil. Drink warm. 

Tip 3:Crush 10-15 holy basil leaves (tulsi) and strain through a clean muslin cloth. Mix with 1 tsp honey. Have it the first thing in the morning.



Cold is the most common illness that affects infants and elderly alike. Unlike the contrary belief cold weather is not the cause of colds. There are 200 types of viruses, which cause cold. The common cold is usually mild with symptoms of running nose, sneezing and throat sore. The symptoms may last for one or two weeks. Cold is common among the children and decline with age. On an average people may get 2 to 4 colds per year depending on their body immunity.


Common Causes of Cold


  • Viruses (esp. rhinoviruses and corona viruses)
  • Person to person (through cough, sneezing or hand contact)
  • Psychological stress
  • Allergic disorders
  • Menstrual cycles


Home Remedies for cold

Tip 1: A tablespoon of carom seeds (ajwain) crushed and tied in a muslin cloth. Inhale whenever nose is blocked. 

Tip 2: Boil 1 tbsp of pepper powder in a cup of milk along with a pinch of turmeric. Add some sugar for taste. Drink this once a day for three days. 

Tip 3:  3-4 tsp onion juice with 3-4 tsp honey taken daily prevents cold. Tip 4: ½ tsp cinnamon oil mixed with ½ tsp honey certainly helps. 

Tip 4 :Coarsely pound ginger is boiled in a cup of water till the water reduces to half the original volume, add some honey and drink hot at bedtime.




A cough is a reaction to clear the airways of mucus, phlegm, dust, smoke or a foreign body.Whenever there is an obstruction or inflammation in the throat or in the upper airways, the brain thinks it to be a foreign object and tries to relieve it by coughing. Continuous coughing for more than two weeks needs medical attention.


Common Causes of Cough


  • Viral infection
  • Common cold 
  • Flu 
  • Smoking 

Other serious causes may include:

  • Asthma 
  • Bronchitis 
  • Whooping cough 
  • Tuberculosis
  • Pneumonia
  • Clot in the lung
  • Cancer of the lung


Home Remedies for cough


Tip 1: Suck on 3 peppercorns with a pinch of black cumin seeds (shah jeera) and a pinch of salt. 

Tip 2: Burn a clove by stirring on a hot tava or pan. Keep this in the mouth and suck on it. 

Tip 3: 3-5 drops of clove oil mixed with a clove of crushed garlic and ½ tsp honey helps soothe the throat. 

Tip 4: In a cup of boiling water add 1 tsp turmeric powder and 1 tsp carom seeds (ajwain). Boil till half. Add 1 tsp of honey and have 2 times a day. 

Tip 5: 50 gm of sugar candy (mishri) with 50 gm pepper powder. Mix with pure ghee to make small pellets. Store. Keep in mouth and suck on them, 3-4 times a day.




Tip 1:1 tsp of holy basil leaves mixed with honey. 

Tip 2:Some saffron strands made into a paste with one betel leaf is to be applied on the infants forehead and soles of the feet.




Constipation is difficulty with irregular bowel movements, or passing hard and dry stool. The major cause of the constipation is due to low fiber diet or dehydration. Constipation is common among children, aged ones and pregnant women. Every individual has different bowel patterns. Some of the symptoms associated with constipation are bloating, uncomfortable and sluggishness. In general constipation is not a serious problem. Understanding the right cause will help in preventing constipation.


Common Causes of Constipation


  1.     Low fiber diet
  2.     Low fluid intake
  3.     Lack of exercise
  4.     Pregnancy
  5.     Slimming
  6.     Haemorrhoids
  7.     Anxiety
  8.     Weak bowel muscles
  9.     Irritable bowel syndrome
  10.     Certain medications
  11.     Excessive intake of calcium or iron
  12.     Home Remedies for Constipation

Tip 1:First thing in the morning drink a glass of warm water to which the juice of 1/2 a lime and 1 tsp honey has been added.


Tip 2:Drink 4 glasses of water first thing in the morning.

Tip 3:Soak 10-12 big raisins in a cup of milk and bring to boil, first eat the raisins then drink the milk. Repeat this every morning for 3-4 days till constipation clears up.

Tip 4:Mix 2 tsp husk seed (Isabgol) in 1/2 a cup of hot milk and drink immediately. Drink one cup of plain milk to follow.

Repeat this every night for chronic constipation.

Tip 5:Fry small Harad 100 gm in ghee. When it is done, the harad will bloat and start smoking. Remove from ghee. Measure 100 gm Aniseed (saunf). Keep aside 50 gm and fry 50 gm in the same ghee. When lightly roasted mix with harad and remaining aniseed.

Powder all three together. Mix 100 gm ghee and 400 gm sugar candy and powder along with the other powders. Take 2tsp along with 1 cup of milk twice a day. Do not eat anything 1 hour before and after. Clears the stomach.

Tip 6:Half a medium sized Papaya eaten before breakfast everyday.




Diarrhoea is the passing of frequent, watery stools, which occurs when the bowels are loose, and frequent bowel motions take place. Some of the symptoms felt during diarrhoea are pain in the tummy, nausea, high temperature and loss of appetite. Diarrhoea can either be acute (short term) or chronic (long term say for more than 2 weeks).

Common Causes of Diarrhoea


  • Stress or anxiety
  • Infection caused by virus or bacteria
  • Infected food 
  • Infected water
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Side effect from some medicines


Home Remedies for Diarrhoea


Tip 1:Mash a ripe banana. Mix with 1 tsp of tamarind pulp and a pinch of salt. Take twice a day.

Tip 2:Drink a cup of strong black tea or coffee. It is very effective in controlling diarrhea.

Tip 3:Powder 1/4 tsp of cardamom seeds. Boil this in thin tea water. Add a bit of sugar for taste and drink.

Tip 4:Soak 2 -3 tsp coriander seeds overnight in half a cup of water. Make a coarse paste mix in a glass of butter milk and drink.

Tip 5:Make a paste of 15-20 tender curry leaves. Mix in 1 tsp honey and drink.

Tip 6:Mix 1/4 tsp nutmeg powder with 1 ripe banana and eat.

Tip 7:A tsp of date paste mixed with 1 tsp honey. To be taken 4-5 times a day.

Tip 8:Mix 1 cup pomegranate juice with 1 cup of sugar cane juice. Have 4 times a day. Tip 9:

Have 1 cup of fresh Pomegranate juice 3-4 times a day.

Tip 10:Dry Mango seeds in the shade for 3-4 days. Powder and store in a bottle. Take ½ a tspn of this powder with either sugar or honey.




A depression is a serious illness that involves both physical and mental states. It affects a person with feelings of extreme sadness that can last for weeks or months together. It disrupts the normal life of a person, with an overall change in attitude and behavior both internally and externally. Most of the suicides committed worldwide are attributed to depression. The person who is affected cannot get better themselves on their own. But with appropriate diagnosis and treatment depression can be treated effectively.


Common Causes of Depression


  • Inheritance
  • Changes in brain structures or brain function
  • Pessimistic attitude
  • Stress (home, work or school)
  • Major diseases (cancer, heart attack etc.)
  • Hormonal disorders
  • Relationship problems
  • Financial problems
  • Menstrual cycle changes
  • Menopause
  • Bereavement


Home Remedies  for Depression


Tip 1: An Apple eaten with milk and honey is very good to uplift a mood.

Tip 2: Powder the seeds of 2 green cardamoms. Add to 1 cup of boiling water, add sugar and drink this tea 2 times a day.

Tip 3:Add a handful of fresh Rose petals to a cup of boiling water. Add sugar and drink as and when a feeling of depression sets in.



Flatulence is a common problem that affects everyone at some time or other. It occurs when you need to drive out the excess air that builds up in your body. The gut from oesophagus to rectum contains a lot of gases, but mainly of nitrogen and oxygen, which is produced during eating and talking. Carbon dioxide is produced when the acid present in the stomach comes into contact with bile and juices from the pancreas. Some of these gases are absorbed into the blood and will be breathed out in due course. The rest is passed out through the rectum.

Common Causes of Gas


  • Overproduction of bacteria in the stomach
  • Foods containing a lot of fibre
  • Products made with malt extracts 
  • Digestive disorders such as gastroenteritis
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Bacteria and other organisms 
  • Contaminated food or water
  • Food prepared under unhygienic conditions


Home Remedies for Gas


Tip 1: Mix 1/2 tsp dry ginger powder with a pinch of asafoetida and a pinch of rock salt, in 1 cup of warm water. Drink.

Tip 2: Mix 2 tsp of brandy with a cup of warm water and drink before going to bed.

Tip 3: Chew on some fresh ginger slices that are soaked in lime juice after meals.

Tip 4:A drop of dill oil in a tsp of honey taken immediately after a meal will help.

Tip 5:Powder 1 tsp of pepper, 1 tsp of dry ginger and 1 tsp of green cardamom seeds. Mix 1/2 tsp of this mixture with water and drink an hour after a meal




Hiccups are a reflex action; which means that we do not have any control over them. Hiccups are a sudden, involuntary squeezing of the diaphragm, the main breathing muscle under the lungs, which results in sucking the air quickly into the lungs thereby snapping and shutting glottis above the voice-box (larynx). This snapping makes the sound of a hiccup. Hiccups will usually stop on their own. Continuous hiccups lasting for more than a day or two may indicate a cause of an underlying disease, which needs medical intervention.


Common Causes of Hiccups


  • Stretching of the stomach after eating or drinking 
  • Sudden emotional excitement
  • Sudden change of air temperature (eg. cool shower)
  • Very hot/cold food or drink
  • Alcohol or excess smoking
  • Heartburn or acid reflux


Other serious conditions may include: 


  • Irritation of the diaphragm by infection
  • Hiatus hernia 
  • Brain infection or tumour 
  • Severe kidney failure 
  • Infections such as malaria
  • Multiple sclerosis

Home Remedies for Hiccups


Tip 1:1 tsp of sugar sucked on will relieve hiccups.